“Every collector hopes that he will be able to bring home some species unknown to science, never before described or even given a botanical name.” – Margery Carlson¹
An Auspicious Beginning
Dr. Margery C. Carlson was born in November 21, 1892 in Arthur, Illinois.²,³ She was named after the marguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens).
In 1916 Carlson was the first woman to earn her B.S. in botany at Northwestern University and by 1925 had earned her M.S. and Ph.D in botany from the University of Wisconsin.1,4 She taught at Wellesley College before returning to Northwestern University where she became their first female full-time professor.1,4
During her tenure of more than 30 years at Northwestern University, Dr. Carlson was also a research associate at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago.¹ Together with her partner Kate Staley, also a research associate at the museum, she went on many expeditions over the years to Mexico, Central America, Europe, and the United States, collecting thousands of specimens.¹ On one of their trips through Central America in 1948, Carlson and Staley drove 10,000 miles, brought back over 4,000 specimens, 100 living plants–including the White Nun Orchid–and discovered 15 new species.9 On another expedition in 1949 Dr. Carlson discovered a species of Tillandsia that became Tillandsia carlsoniae.²
An Avid Conservationist
Carlson is also remembered for her devotion to conservation. She was one of the founders of the Illinois Chapter of the Nature Conservancy and the national Conservancy.1,5 Raising money, negotiating with landowners, and planting seeds were some of the ways Carlson contributed to the preservation of natural areas in Illinois, as well as Indiana and Wisconsin. The Margery C. Carlson Nature Preserve was named in her honor in 1976.5 The 400-acre state preserve is located on the Vermilion River in LaSalle County, Carlson ‘s birthplace and one of the areas she helped acquire.5 Carlson died in 1985 at the age of 92.2,6
Selection of her Publications
- FMNH Bulletin v.23, no.5 “By jeep to Honduras: A woman botanist’s expedition” (https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25410#page/35/mode/1up);
- “Monograph of the genus Russelia (Scrophulariaceae)” (https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/2398#/summary)
- “Morphological and Cytological Studies of Saprolegnia Sp.”(1920), University of Wisconsin–Madison
- “Gametogenesis and fertilization in Achlya racemosa” (1929) , University of Wisconsin–Madison
- Eloise Payne Luquer Medal (1952) from the Garden Club of America (7)
- Sarah Gildersleeve Fife Memorial Award (1954) from the Garden Club of America (7)
- Made honorary member Graduate Women in Science in 1978 (8)
Authored by: Rebecca Wilke
- Field Museum [Internet]. Chicago: Museum. Margery Claire Carlson (1892-1985); [cited 2018];[about 4 screens]. Available from: https://www.fieldmuseum.org/field-museum-women-past-pioneers
- Guess R, Guess V. Tillandsia carlsoniae: profile of an endemic Species and its collector. J Bromeliad Soc [Internet]. 1998 Sept-Oct [cited 2018];48(5):207-9. Available from: http://journal.bsi.org/PDF/V48/BSI_V48(5).pdf
- Web.archive.org. Evanston Women’s History Project. Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20160927111647/http://www.epl.org/ewhp/display.php?bioid=29
- Margery Carlson, 92, botanist, NU professor. Chicago Tribune [Internet]. 1985 Jul 7 [cited 2018];[about 3 screens]. Available from: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1985-07-07-8502130901-story.html
- Illinois Department of Natural Resources [Internet]. IL: The Department;c2018. Margery C. Carlson; [cited 2018];[about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.dnr.illinois.gov/INPC/Pages/Area3LaSalleMargeryCCarlson.aspx
- Burger W C. Margery Carlson: 1892-1985. Field Museum of Natural History bulletin [Internet]. 1985 [cited 2018];56(9):5. Available from: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4359556
- Garden Club of America. Bulletin, Volumes 40-41. Pennsylvania: The Club, 1952
- Graduate women in science [Internet]. NJ. Honorary Members; 2018 [cited 2018];[about 5 screens]. Available from: https://www.gwis.org/page/honorary_members_all
- Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [Internet]. St. Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2001 – Margery C. Carlson; [cited 2018]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margery_C._Carlson
- Fitzpatrick R. 2 women brave jungle to find rare flowers: collect new species for museum here. Chicago Daily Tribune [Internet]. 1952 Apr 13 [cited 2018].
- 2 Women Brave Jungle To Find Rare Flowers: Collect New Species for Museum Here
- Fitzpatrick, Rita. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]13 Apr 1952: 20.
- Obituaries: Margery Carlson, 92, botanist, NU professor
- Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]07 July 1985: a7.
- Douglas County Museum [Internet]. Facebook; 2018 Feb 6. Available from: https://www.facebook.com/docomuseum/photos/margery-c-carlson-(1892-1985)/1456355107808907/.
- New associates appointed. Bull. – Chic. Nat. Hist. Mus. [Internet]. 1963 Jun [cited 2018];34(6):4-5. Available from: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4306291
- Carlson M. By jeep to Honduras: A woman botanist’s expedition. Bull. – Chic. Nat. Hist. Mus. [Internet]. 1952 [cited 2018];23(5):3,7. Available from: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4306183
- Featured Image: Margery Carlson (1892-1985) Botany Research Associate shown [outdoors] with some of the packs of [plant] specimens she collected on expedition. © The Field Museum, B80585.