Camp, Yvette Borup Andrews and Roy Chapman Andrews seated on the left, Fu-Chow (Fuzhou) Fukien Province, China, July, 1916,” Research Library | Digital Special Collections, accessed July 10, 2018,

The catalysts who broke new ground, opened locked doors, paved new paths, and created something enduring.  They showed the world what was possible and inspired others to reach higher, go further, learn more, and be better.  These individuals founded institutions, developed whole new approaches to scientific disciplines, and mentored others.

Mary Elizabeth Rice was the first director of the Smithsonian Marine Station in the 1970s, where she created a program
Born Elizabeth Gertrude Knight in New York City on January 9, 1857, she was the first of five daughters of