Yvette Borup Andrews with squirrel, China, September 20, 1916,” Research Library | Digital Special Collections, accessed July 10, 2018, http-::lbry-web-007.amnh.org:digital:items:show:74486.

In 1891, Yvette Borup was born to Mary Brandreth and Col. Henry Borup in Paris, France¹. Though both parents were American, Borup would spent the majority of her early life in Europe, as her father was a military attache in France, then later Germany. During her time in Germany, Borup attended the Kaiserin Auguste Victoria School and became fast friends with Princess Louise, the daughter of Kaiser Wilhelm II and Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria, for whom the school was named. In 1913 when Princess Victoria Louise was to be married, Borup made the news in America, noted as a young socialite and childhood friend of the Princess– and the only American girl to be invited to the wedding².

The next time that Borup would be in the news was October of 1914, when she was no longer Borup, but Borup Andrews (or as was often the case, Mrs. Roy C. Andrews), having married the scientist and explorer Roy Chapman Andrews³. The pair shared a mutual connection– Borup Andrews’s brother George Borup, who was an explorer on the Peary Expedition and a fellow employee of Andrew’s at the American Museum of Natural History. The two were married in Ossining, N.Y. and made their home in Bronxville, N.Y. However, the young couple wouldn’t stay settled for long– within a year and a half they would be off to Asia for a 19-month long zoological expedition.

The Expedition Years

The American Museum of Natural History’s Asiatic Zoological Expeditions were a rather publicized affair. Between the burgeoning fame of the Indiana Jones-like Andrews (who of course pre-dates the character and is often incorrectly cited as the inspiration for the famous hero), and the novelty of a woman accompanying her husband into the depths of the wild (“Party Includes A Woman” one headline read4.

Though the Expeditions were scientific in purpose, books about them were also written for the general public–books which captivated with tales of exciting and dangerous adventures in a far away land. Camps and Trails in China (1918) was the account of the First Asiatic Zoological Expedition, which took place in China, Tibet, and Myanmar from 1916-1917. Andrews was the main author, though Borup Andrews contributed six chapters and all of the photographs, as well as her daily journals, which Andrews relied on heavily for his writing5 Across Mongolian Plains (1921) told of the Second Asiatic Zoological Expedition, which explored the Gobi Desert from 1919-1920. Andrews was the lone author, though again Borup Andrews contributed all of the photographs in addition to her journals for reference. On page viii Andrews thanks Borup Andrews, saying that “My wife, who is ever my best assistant in the field, was responsible for all the photographic work of the expedition and I have drawn much upon her daily “Journals” in the preparation of this book.”

Of course, Borup Andrews’s role was not limited to the assisting with the books– she was the official photographer of both Expeditions. As mentioned on page four of Camps and Trails in China:

Borup Andrews was the photographer of the Expedition. She had studied photography as an amateur in Germany, France, and Italy, as well as in New York, and had devoted especial attention to the taking of photographs in natural colors. Such work requires infinite care and patience, but the results are well worth the efforts expended.

Camp, Yvette Borup Andrews and Roy Chapman Andrews seated on the left, Fu-Chow (Fuzhou) Fukien Province, China, July, 1916,” Research Library | Digital Special Collections, accessed July 10, 2018, http://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/items/show/74419

And effort did she expend. Borup Andrews travelled with a collapsible rubber darkroom of four feet in diameter– an environment that was likely unbearable in a climate described as being “95 degrees in the shade, but [with humidity] so high that one felt as though one were wrapped in a wet blanket5” But Borup Andrews’ efforts paid off. By the end of the two Zoological Expeditions, hundreds of photos and thousands of feet of footage had been obtained, depicting the people, cultures, wildlife, and landscape of vast stretches of Central Asia. Many of her photos were sprinkled throughout Camps and Trails in China and Across Mongolian Plains, bringing life to the texts. Many of her photos can also be found in the AMNH digital special collections.

Like any good expedition member, Borup Andrews held many roles in the field. Not only was she the photographer, but she was a dedicated field assistant–riding and hunting with Andrews and setting traps–as well as in dire circumstances, nurse and tailor 5,6. One role of particular note was expecting mother. The conclusion of the First Asiatic Zoological Expedition was October 1, 1917– the Andrews’ first son, George, would be born less than 3 months later (the Andrews’ second and only other child, Roy Kevin, would be born some time later in 1924)7. Like any good expedition member, Borup Andrews also endured. Out in the field, in the plains and jungles of China, Tibet, Myanmar, and Mongolia she endured pregnancy, getting spattered with battery acid,  getting bitten by her horse, and the day to day hardships of a physically demanding life in an unfamiliar and sometimes hostile environment5,6.

The First and Second Asiatic Zoological Expeditions would not be Borup Andrews’s last, although they were her last time as official photographer. She would accompany Andrews for portions of the subsequent Central Asiatic Expeditions (his most famous series of expeditions, notable for being the first to discover a full nest of dinosaur eggs). However, she is barely mentioned in The New Conquest of Central Asia (1932), the nearly 700 page account of those expeditions. Borup Andrews’s absence from those pages is perhaps not unrelated to her divorce from Andrews in 1931, which she filed on grounds of abandonment8.

A Quiet Legacy

Yvette Borup Andrews feeding bears,Teng-Yueh (Tengchong), China, April 20, 1917,” Research Library | Digital Special Collections, accessed July 10, 2018, http://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/items/show/310

Borup Andrews was in the news several times in her life; as a young socialite mingling with the German elite; as a new bride approaching adventure; as an explorer, fresh from the field with tales to tell; and, as a divorcee. Borup Andrews’s final time in the news came in April of 1959. At the age of sixty-eight years old, she died from a car crash in Burgos, Spain. One article mentions that she had been working as a chief of the exhibition department of the Steuben Glass Company, and had been living in London9. In the time between her exploring years and her death there is very little public record from her life. Her path from Bronxville, NY to London, England is obscured from us.

In the records that we do have, however, there is something clear. Not in the newspapers, perhaps–which defined Borup Andrews as the princess’s friend, the colonel’s daughter, or the explorer’s (ex)wife–but in the books. In the pages of Camps and Trails in China and Across Mongolian Plains there lives a Borup Andrews who is excited by the world. A Borup Andrews who is an avid horseback rider. A Borup Andrews who laughs when the stench of a dying camel brings a hard earned meal to a halt. A Borup Andrews whose hair flies behind her as she and her horse chase thousands of antelope6. A Borup Andrews who is not just the wife of an explorer, but an explorer. A person. In her own right.

Yvette ran to the edge of the grove, her hands filled with wet photographic negatives. “How many?” she called. “Two,” I answered, “and both big ones. How many for you?” “Fourteen color plates,” she sung back happy, “and all good.” – Roy Chapman Andrews, Camps and Trails in China

Photos Taken by Borup Andrews

 

 

 

Authored by: Jeannie Yamazaki

Reference List

  1. Yvette Borup Andrews (1891-1959) – Find A Grave… (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/95963812/yvette-andrews
  2. ONLY AMERICAN INVITED TO ROYAL WEDDING. (1913, May 22). The Washington Post (1877-1922) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.proxy.library.cornell.edu/docview/145199525?accountid=10267
  3. Special to The New York Times. (1914, October 8). Miss Yvette Borup a Bride. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.proxy.library.cornell.edu/docview/97583181?pq-origsite=summon
  4. TO SEEK RARE FAUNA OF ‘DARKEST CHINA’. (1916, Feb 10). New York Times (1857-1922) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.proxy.library.cornell.edu/docview/98015490?accountid=10267
  5. Andrews, R. C., & Andrews, Y. B. (1918). Camps and Trails in China. New York, NY: D. Appleton and Company.
  6. Andrews, R. C. (1921). Across Mongolian Plains. NY: D. Appleton and Company.
  7. George Borup Andrews (1917-2007) – Find A Grave… (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/61054411/george-borup-andrews
  8. Special Cable to The New York Times. (1931, April 1). Divorces R. C. Andrews. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2LXX6cd
  9. Miss Emmet, Mrs. Andrews Die in Car Crash in Spain. (1959, Apr 14). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.proxy.library.cornell.edu/docview/1323960885?accountid=10267

Image Credits

  1. Featured Image: Borup Andrews with a squirrel in China, 1916 © American Museum of Natural History.
  2. Other Image Citations:Borup Andrews  at the camp in Yunnan, China. Her darkroom is pictured left of her. Copyright: © American Museum of Natural History.
  3. Borup Andrews feeding bears in Yunnan, China, 1917 Copyright: © American Museum of Natural History
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